Churches in Jerusalem Holy Land – Map Pictures and Tour
Churches in Jerusalem the Holy Land
It’s almost impossible to visit and tour Jerusalem without bumping into one of the dozen’s sacred beautiful churches spread across Jerusalem Holy city. Jerusalem, a key part of Jesus Christ’s life, teachings, crucifixion – death and even resurrection, is the most popular pilgrims, crusaders and tourist’s spot in the Holy Land.
Like the Sea of Galilee, Jerusalem is also offering many sacred Holy Christians sites and Churches gathered in a relatively small area, thus, allows holy land Christian tourists, pilgrims and crusaders to visit holy places without the hassle.
Here is a list of the places you must visit while visiting the Christian Holy sites of Jerusalem area, list with Churches of Jerusalem and must see sacred holy land sites:
Jerusalem’s Holy Christians sacred sites are mainly centered in three key areas:
- Mount of Olives – the place where Jesus Christ ascended to Heaven and spent time teaching and prophesying to his disciples.
- Mount of Zion – the area of the House of high priest Josef Caiaphas were Jesus was arrested before his crucifixion. (After “Judas Kiss” betrayal near Garden of Gethsemane).
- Church of the Holy Sepulchre also called the Church of Resurrection or Garden Tomb (also known as Gordon’s Calvary). This area referred to Jesus Christ Crucifixion and Resurrection.
We would like to suggest this special and optional tour in the Seven top churches of Jerusalem. The unique aspect of this tour is thanks to the fact that all the listed churches are related directly to Jesus of Nazareth, Josef and Mary.
1 – The Pater Noster Church:
This Church is associated with the teachings of Jesus and with the famous Christian Prayer Pater Noster. Jesus disciples asking from Jesus to list signs and so the Church of Pater Noster is related to this event:
“And as he sat upon the Mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying; tell us, when shall these things be? And what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world?” (Matthew 24:3)
“One day Jesus was praying in a certain place. When he finished, one of his disciples said to him, “Lord, teach us to pray, just as John taught his disciples.” He said to them, “When you pray, say: ‘Our Father, hallowed be your name, your kingdom come. Give us each day our daily bread. Forgive us our sins, for we also forgive everyone who sins against us. And lead us not into temptation.’” (Luke 11:1-4)
Church of Pater Noster – what to see:
- 4th-century Byzantine church.
- Cave which is associated with Jesus’s teachings on the conflict of Good & Evil (Matt 24:1 – 26:2)
- Ceramic Plaques from over 62 different languages.
2 – The Dominus Flevit Church:
Next church, located as well on Mount of Olives, eastern to Pater Noster Church based the Dominus Flevit Church which means in Latin – The Lord wept! This Franciscan Church symbolizes (perpetuated) the tears of Jesus and weeping on the terrible faith of Jerusalem, faith of destruction and pain, which is mentioned in the prophecy:
“As he approached Jerusalem and saw the city, he wept over it and said, “If you, even you, had only known on this day what would bring you peace—but now it is hidden from your eyes. The days will come upon you when your enemies will build an embankment against you and encircle you and hem you in on every side. They will dash you to the ground, you and the children within your walls. They will not leave one stone on another, because you did not recognize the time of God’s coming to you.” (Luke 19:41-44)
Church of Dominus Flevit – what to see:
- Archaeological excavations discovered ancient ruins and discoveries of Byzantine Church. And remains of graves dated to the time of the 2nd holy temple.
- Antonio Barlutzzi (Italian famous Architect) implemented the story behind the Church of Dominus Flevit and built the Church dome with a “tear” shape reminding us the Lord tears and weeping. (1955). The 4 corners of the Dominus Flevit Church contain 4 big stone pillars representing ancient glass bottles used to carry tears and known as Lachrymatory bottles. The main shrine in the Church facing West to Jerusalem (and not east as usually common) in order to show the crowd, prayers and people that the prophecy indeed proved itself – the Holy temple and Jerusalem City have been destroyed.
3 – The Church of Maria Magdalene:
The Church of Maria (Mary) Magdalene is a Russian Orthodox Church on the slopes of Mount Olives. This Church is located next to one of the most popular sacred sites in Jerusalem – the Garden of Gethsemane. Maria Magdalene Church in Jerusalem is famous thanks to its beautiful Golden sharp domes which can be seen from distance.
4 – The Church of All Nations – The Basilica of the Agony:
The Church of all nations also known as The Basilica of the Agony, located next to Maria Magdalene Church,and it is one of the most popular churches in Jerusalem and Holy Land. The church of all nations is located on the slopes of Mount Olives next to the Garden of Gethsemane. It is a Roman Catholic Church traditionally built near the rock where Jesus Christ prayed before his arrest in deep agony. (Judas Kiss – Judas Betrayal).
Church of All nations – Basilica of Agony – what to see:
- Today’s Franciscan Church was built by Antonio Barlutzzi between 1914 and 1924 on top the remains of ancient Church.
- The 12 domes of the church of all nations representing the 12 apostles as well as 12 countries that donate funds contributing the, church establishment, thus it is known today as the Church of all Nations.
5 - Church Tomb of the Virgin Mary:
Very close to the Garden of Gethsemane located another impressive and ancient church, the focus this time is on Virgin Mary. This is the traditional tomb of Mary after she fell asleep and died at Mount Zion. The Church Tomb of Virgin Mary was built with a Cross shape during the 4th century and renovating by Crusaders and Pilgrims during the 12th Century. The debates around the Church continue to cause conflicts until these days, the control of the church is changing hands, Greek orthodox and the Armenians, who have control in this area.
Tomb of the virgin Mary Church, click here for more information, maps and pictures via Wikipedia
6 – The Church of Hagia Maria Sion Abbey:
The Virgin Mary tomb leads us from Mount Olives to Mount Zion. The Church of Hagia Sion Abbey is one of the most popular in Jerusalem, this Sacred Abbey present the memory of the deep sleep, in Latin “Dormition” of Virgin Mary.
Hagia Maria Sion = Holy Zion was built during the 4th century and have been destroyed and rebuilt ever since along the decades by different emperors and leaders. The Church of Hagia Maria Sion – click here for more info, maps and pictures via Wikipedia.
7 – The Church of Saint Peter in Gallicantu:
The Church of Saint Peter in Gallicantu is a Roman Catholic Church located on the eastern slope of Mount Zion. This is one of the favorite’s churches among worldwide Christian pilgrims and crusaders.
Gallicantu = cock crow, in commemoration of Peter’s triple rejection of Jesus as Jesus Christ foreseen before he got arrested on Thursday night (before the cock crow).
The Church of Saint Peter in Gallicantu, Jerusalem is one of the most beautiful Churches in the Holy land, it is a must see site! The Church main chapel decorated with amazing vivid paintings of the Last Supper (took place on Mount of Zion), Repentant women figures like Mary Magdalene, the 12 disciples and so on.
According to Christian tradition, the Church of Saint Peter in Gallicantu area is the origin place of the House of high priest Josef Caiaphas were Jesus was arrested before his crucifixion. The tradition states that Jesus was arrested in a cave (dungeon) beneath the Church. In 1888 during excavations held by monks a large rock with the Hebrew ancient script saying “לאשם הוא קורבן” which means “blame the victim”, this unique discovery strengthen the belief that in this place Jesus was arrested.
Click here to view info, maps and pictures of the house of Saint Peter at Capernaum
click here for the Holy Land top must see sites list.